Turkey In Facts & Figures

Date of foundation: 29 October 1923

Form of government: Republic, divided into 81 provinces

Capital city: Ankara

National currency: Turkishe Lira

Population: approx. 84,7 millions (2021)

Birth rate: 1.1 % (2021)

Country’s territory: 783,562 square kms

Languages: Turkish (official language), Kurdish, Arabic, Armenian, Greek

Religions: Islam (99% of the population), Christianity, Judaism 

10 most important cities (by population): İstanbul, Ankara, İzmir, Adana, Bursa, Gaziantep, Konya, Antalya, Mersin, Diyarbakır

Current state president and chief of government: Recep Tayyıp Erdoğan (since 2014)

National flag: white half-moon and white star on red ground (so called “ayyildiz”) 

National hymn: “İstiklar Marşı” (The March of Independence)