9.1 UNDEFINED PAST
The undefined past describes like the simple past an action which has been completed - with a small but important difference: you don’t tell "first hand" as you didn’t have been there when the action occured. Someone else told us his story and we re-tell it. This tense is very typical for jokes, fairy tales and stories.
Formed with the suffix -miş.
This suffix is determined by the GREAT VOWEL HARMONY which means it can have the forms
yapmışım = I made ("I was supposed to make" because so has been told...)
The suffix -miş is at the same time the to be-suffix in the undefined past:
When ending on a vowel you have to insert an y:
To have in the undefined past:
9.2 NEGATION OF UNDEFINED PAST
For negating the suffix you need to insert once again -ma/-me in before the suffix –miş:
bilmemişim = I didn’t (wasn’t supposed to) know
yapmamışım = I didn’t (wasn’t supposed to) make
Remember: "to be" is negated with değil:
adam = the man, human; ama = but; altın = the gold; çok = much, many; geçirmek = to pass; gün = the day; insan = the fellow, human; insanlık = the humanity; İrlanda = Ireland; kadın = the woman; kişi = the person; köy = the village; pahalı = expensive
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