11.1 THE CONDITIONAL
The conditional describes a hypothetical action. Something which can be translated in simple form with "would be, would do".
In Turkish you form the conditional with the suffix -sa/-sa.
The suffix follows the Little Vowel Harmony:
yapsam = if I would do
In conditonal of course you can change also the tenses:
11.2 NEGATION OF CONDITONAL
For negating the conditional we use the famous suffix -me/-ma:
bilmesem = if I wouldn’t know
yapmasam = if I wouldn’t do
11.3 MODIFICATIONS OF CONDITIONAL
You can also combine the conditional with var or yok:
varsa = if there is
Domates varsa, bana lütfen iki kilo verir misin? = If there are tomatos please give me 2 kilos?
11.4 "IF" = "EĞER"
Another option to form conditional phrases is offered by eğer. Anyway the suffixes –se/-sa still have to be used but if you begin your sentence with eğer the listener knows automatically that a conditional sentence is now following.
akşam = the evening; aramak = to call (by phone); cevap = the answer; cevap vermek = to answer; çağırmak = to call; çarşı = the (city) centre, the market; eğer = if; pazar = the market, Sunday; sabah = the morning; zaman = the time
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