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Turkey in facts and figures

Date of foundation: 29 October 1923

Form of government: Republic, divided into 81 provinces

Capital city: Ankara

National currency: Turkishe Lira

Population: approx. 72 millions

Birth rate: 1.2 %

Country's territory: 780,580 square kms

Languages: Turkish (official language), Kurdish, Arabic, Armenian, Greek

Religions: Islam (99% of the population), Christianity, Judaism

10 most important cities (by population): İstanbul, Ankara, İzmir, Adana, Bursa, Gaziantep, Konya, Antalya, Mersin, Diyarbakır

Current state president: Abdullah Gül

Current prime minister: Recep Tayyıp Erdoğan

National flag: white half-moon and white star on red ground (so called "ayyildiz")

National hymn: "İstiklar Marşı" (The March of Independence)

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